August 1997: The EK9 Civic Type-R is launched in Japan. It is powered by an exclusively-developed 1.6-liter DOHC VTEC B16B engine that makes 185 bhp at 8,200 rpm.

The lightweight B16B engine features a new valve system allowing higher engine speeds, reduced engine friction, improved breathing, and increased compression ratio.

Main features of handling include increased body rigidity, reduced weight, sports suspension, torque-sensitive helical LSD, sports-tuned ABS, and Bridgestone Potenza RE010 tires.

The Civic Type R models were preceded by the 1990-1991 EF8 CRX SiR and the 1992-1995 EG6 SiR-II. The 1990-1991 Civic CRX SiR was the first Civic ever to utilize the potent B16A engine and an optional LSD, and with a stripped out interior devoid of optional luxuries such as power windows, A/C and power steering, they proved to be quite a quick hatch.

This inaugural top-of-the range Civic marked Honda’s successes in Formula One, with multiple Constructor’s Championships with the Marlboro McLaren team.

The latter EG6 SiR-II used the same stripped out formula, with a 10 hp (7 kW) hike for the B16A engine and a marginally stiffer chassis, this time in a larger heavier body shell.

The 1998 EK9 Civic was the first to be given the Type R badge. It featured a Type R prepared B16B engine producing 185 PS (182 hp), Helical LSD, stiffer chassis, upgraded sway bars and strut bars, Recaro alcantara seats, 15″ alloy wheels and a large boot spoiler. Since then, most generations have offered a Type R variant. The Type R version of the Civic has never been sold in the U.S.

Model Type E-EK9
Transmission 5MT
Layout FF
Seating Capacity 4
Dimensions & Weight
Length / Width / Height (mm) 4180 / 1695 / 1360
Wheelbase (mm) 2,620
Tread Front/Rear (mm) 1480 / 1480
Indoor size Length/Width/Height (mm) 1705 / 1390 / 1115
Weight (Kg) 1,090
Minimum Ground Clearance (mm) 135
Engine type B16B
Engine Water cooled IL4 DOHC VTEC
Displacement (cc) 1595
Bore x Stroke (mm) 81.0 x 77.4
Compression Ratio 10.8
Fuel System PGM-FI
Horsepower (PS/rpm) 185/8200
Torque (Kgm/rpm) 16.3/7500
Gear Ratio 5MT
1st 3.230
2nd 2.105
3rd 1.458
4th 1.107
5th 0.848
Reverse 3.000
Final Gear Ratio 4.400
Suspension Front/Rear Double Wishbone / Double Wishbone
Brake Front/Rear Ventilated Discs / Discs
Tire Front 195/55R15
Tire Rear 195/55R15
Fuel Capacity (litre) 45